In a recent Huffington Post blog titled “Communication Studies Rise to Relevance,” a representative of the National Communication Association took a dim view of journalism education in America. Part of his quotation is excerpted below:
“It used to be that if you wanted to be a journalist you would go and take a journalism class and get an MA in Journalism. I think there is a stronger sense that students with Journalism degrees might be more poorly trained in the end than a Communication Degree or a Communication Degree with a Minor in Economics which prepares you to nicely operate as a journalist.”
That’s the kind of language that might raise the hackles of some journalism educators. Don’t study journalism; study something else, like economics or philosophy. Some of us tend to get angry, too, when we hear veteran journalists advise youngsters to avoid journalism programs altogether because they’re a waste of time. You can learn journalism on the job, they say.
It’s easy for journalism educators to immediately dismiss these as common – and stubborn – misperceptions. These persistent points of view just don’t make any sense to me. But journalism educators are doing ourselves a disservice if we let these ideas go unchallenged. We live in an era when journalism education is fighting for respect at the high school and collegiate levels, and even journalism itself is considered to be a dying industry.
It’s nonsense. Journalism is necessary to maintain a responsibly-informed citizenry, and it needs practitioners who are just as comfortable meeting story deadlines as they are debating theoretical interpretations of the First Amendment’s free press clause.
So, here are my arguments against the two pieces of dubious advice mentioned above.
Students can learn to do journalism on the job
This is true. It’s also true of practically every other type of job that exists, but somehow it gets used as a reason to discourage students from pursuing a journalism degree. It’s a very narrow and shallow argument.
Though they still teach students the mechanics of the job, the better journalism programs go far beyond that. These programs help students learn about journalism’s civic role in the U.S.; how journalists should responsibly hold powerful forces accountable for their actions; the necessity of providing vetted, reliable information to the public; how to navigate the ethical challenges that come with the job; and how to provide content on multiple digital platforms.
What news organization wouldn’t want its newly-hired reporter to have those skills and that knowledge on Day One of her professional career? It’s disingenuous, with today’s competitive job market, to think that employers are willing to hire someone who needs a lot of basic training.
Students should study something other than journalism
This is a big time bad idea, but it is a persistent one, even among some of journalism’s celebrity elites. I admit that I fail to understand the logic. I don’t hear many people advising future medical workers to skip majoring in nursing or biology in favor of economics or philosophy. This shouldn’t happen with journalism, either.
We do journalism – and our students – a disservice when we advise them against learning as much as possible about it.
The quotation I referenced above refers to taking “a journalism class,” like, one. No. The Accrediting Council on Education in Journalism and Mass Communications requires accredited journalism programs to provide between 42 and 48 credit hours (that’s 14 to 16 courses). Journalism majors also have ample opportunities to work for campus news organizations and intern for professional ones during their undergraduate (and even graduate) studies. This gives students the room to make their mistakes early – and learn from them – so that they’re less likely to make those same errors once they start their professional careers.
These academic programs are built to help students exercise their critical thinking skills, gain practical experience, and learn how to manage professional expectations before they take their first full-time job. In fact, the Journalism Education Association credits journalism courses for providing students with four essential skills: Critical Thinking, Communication, Collaboration, and Creativity. Employers across numerous professions seek employees who have these skills, making journalism graduates highly desirable no matter which career path they choose.
Improving our programs
Still, there’s a hard truth that must be acknowledged. Not all collegiate journalism programs are of equal caliber. Some are producing experienced, insightful young journalists while others aren’t delivering the skills and opportunities they promised their students.
It’s unfair to cite programs in the latter category as the general example of journalism education. But it’s easy to see how folks might determine that a journalism degree is a waste of time if they hire interns or new graduates who clearly can’t do the job well. The Society of Professional Journalists has a special responsibility to help journalism teachers and students achieve their best results, whatever their program’s circumstances.
In January, the SPJ Journalism Education Committee will release a study concerning the current state of high school journalism. We want it to provide a starting point for discussions about how America’s high school journalism programs can be strengthened. These conversations will be relevant to collegiate programs, as well.
With that goal, I’d like to hear from you. Perhaps you are a high school journalism teacher who has little to no training in journalism and have questions about everything. You might be a university professor who’s willing to share some of your innovative teaching techniques. Maybe you’re a college undergraduate who simply wants some solid guidance about starting a career in journalism. SPJ has a vast amount of knowledge and experience among its membership, and the Journalism Education Committee wants to make some of that available to you. So, keep watching this blog.
In the meantime, I encourage you to ignore those who tell you that journalism is dead or that studying journalism is a one way ticket to perpetual disappointment. They’re wrong. Academic journalism programs are delivering the graduates that news organizations want and that society needs.
There’s never been a better time to study journalism.
Butler Cain is an Assistant Professor of Mass Communication at West Texas A&M University in Canyon, Texas. He is chair of SPJ’s Journalism Education Committee.